Has HME Reached the Tipping Point?
What the efforts by CMS and Congress to help HME providers respond to the COVID-19 crisis can tell us about their willingness to work with the industry.
- By Cara Bachenheimer
- May 01, 2020
The tipping point, per best-selling author and journalist
Malcolm Gladwell, is that magic moment when an idea or trend crosses a
threshold, tips and spreads like wildfire. This may not be the scenario that
Malcolm Gladwell would have predicted, but it strikes me that the home
medical equipment (HME) community is at the “tipping point.” And by that, I
mean that policymakers across the country are viewing the HME community in
a fresh and positive light.
The HME community has stepped up during this public health emergency
(PHE) and is providing a range of services to patients across the country:
helping patients avoid hospitalizations, and materially contributing to minimizing
hospital overflow issues. In response to the PHE, and appreciating the
ability of HME providers to ease hospital overflow issues, policymakers are
making significant accommodations to ensure that as many patients as possible
can be treated and kept at home. Both Congress and the Centers for Medicare
and Medicaid Services (CMS) have taken swift and dramatic steps to facilitate
the ability of HME providers to care for a large increase in patients with respiratory
needs during the PHE.
Congress’ third stimulus package was passed into law on March 27, and is
called the CARES Act (Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act). In
this legislative package, Congress included three provisions that are providing
direct and significant financial relief for HME providers. First, the CARES Act
included an appropriation of $100 billion to the health care community. CMS
swiftly distributed $30 billion of those monies to every Medicare provider
and supplier across the country that was paid by the Medicare fee for service
program in 2019. (The additional monies are being focused on health care
providers serving the hardest-hit areas of the country.)
The CARES Act also provided specific payment relief to HME suppliers
serving beneficiaries in non-competitive bid areas; extending the 50-50 blended
payment rate in rural areas and raising rates in non-rural non-competitive bid
areas to a new 75-25 blended payment rate, from March 6 through the end of
the PHE. A third provision of the CARES law suspends the two percent annual
sequestration payment cut for all Medicare providers and suppliers, from May
1 through Dec. 31,. (And Congress just passed another stimulus bill which
includes $75 billion more for health care providers and suppliers.)
The most significant positive Medicare policy accommodation during
the PHE is CMS’s suspension of the traditional coverage and documentation
requirements for all HME respiratory items and services. Technically, CMS is
suspending the application of the clinical conditions for coverage for oxygen,
non-invasive ventilators, CPAPs, and other respiratory items. This means
that the various testing, documentation and other usual requirements are not
required starting March 1 through the end of the PHE.
CMS explained that it is lifting these requirements because, “During the PHE
for the COVID-19 pandemic, it is possible that patients receiving services for
respiratory-related indications will be required to receive care in unexpected
settings, including the home. This may be necessary as COVID-19 and other
patients are shifted across healthcare settings to accommodate an increase in
patient volume. Therefore … we will not enforce the clinical indications for
coverage across respiratory, home anticoagulation management and infusion pump NCDs and LCDs (including articles) allowing for maximum flexibility for
practitioners to care for their patients.”
During the PHE, CMS is covering and paying for respiratory-related equipment
and supplies with a verbal physician order for patients diagnosed with
COVID-19 or COVID-19 symptoms, and all other acute respiratory conditions.
To accommodate social distancing, CMS has suspended most face-to-face
encounter requirements. Instead, Medicare will rely on the physician’s judgment
that a beneficiary needs oxygen or a respiratory device. (The one exception to the
suspended face-to-face requirement is for power mobility devices, since that is set
in statute. These visits, however, can be performed via telehealth.)
CMS has made multiple additional changes to ease the ability of patients to
receive more care at home and minimize in-person contact. CMS has waived signature
requirements on proof of delivery. In CMS’ “DMEPOS: CMS Flexibilities to
Fight COVID-19” document (cms.gov/files/document/covid-dme.pdf), CMS states
that “CMS is waiving signature and proof of delivery requirements for Part B drugs
and Durable Medical Equipment when a signature cannot be obtained because of
the inability to collect signatures. Suppliers should document in the medical record
the appropriate date of delivery and that a signature was not able to be obtained
because of COVID-19.” This statement appears to waive all signature requirements,
not just those for proof of delivery. CMS has also acknowledged that health care
providers need to focus on taking care of patients, and not spend resources on
audits and other medical review activities, and has suspended these activities.
Both Congress and CMS recognized the need to expand to non-physician
practitioners the ability to order medical equipment and supplies, under the
Medicaid home health benefit. About eleven states previously limited the
ordering of these items to physicians; the expansion of ordering authority
increases Medicaid recipient access to necessary medical supplies and equipment.
CMS made this change in its Interim Final Rule (effective retroactively to
March 1). Congress also included in the CARES Act a provision to permanently
allow these additional practitioners to order these items and services, giving
CMS six months to implement the change.
In a move broadly welcomed by consumer, clinical and provider organizations,
CMS is removing non-invasive ventilators (NIVs) from the Medicare
competitive bidding program that is scheduled to go into effect in January 2021.
With the short supply, supply chain and patient access issues, CMS made the
right decision at the right time.
Understanding that we are operating in an unprecedented time, the American
Association for Homecare issued a Policy Statement, urging the HME community
to exercise sound judgment in applying the new guidance from CMS. This
is critically important if our industry is to continue to be viewed in such a
positive light over the long term. Let’s collectively make sure we successfully
continue to the other side of that “tipping point,” and our industry will flourish
for years to come.
This article originally appeared in the May/Jun 2020 issue of HME Business.
A longtime government relations and legislative expert in the HME industry, Cara Bachenheimer is an attorney with industry law firm Brown & Fortunato, P.C., where she leads its Government Affairs Practice and lobbies on behalf of the HME industry. As part of her duties with the firm, she also provides General Counsel support for the American Association for Homecare.